Ethnobotanical Photographs

Ethnobotanical studies of pre-industrial societies are used by archaeobotanists to help interpret plant assemblages from archaeological sites.

Pashtu farmers winnowing naked wheat in southern Afghanistan (1978) near Kandahar.
Women threshing Triticum aestivum in Nepal using a flail 1979 (see also photo below)
Separation of the straw and the ears by hand.
Threshing Triticum aestivum using a threshing sledge with flint blades, Turkey 1977
Making mud bricks using chaff and earth near Dja'dé in northern Syria.
Mud bricks drying in the sun